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3 edition of The Use of nonhuman primates in space found in the catalog.

The Use of nonhuman primates in space

The Use of nonhuman primates in space

proceedings of a symposium held at Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, California, December 2-4, 1974

by

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  • 17 Currently reading

Published by National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Scientific and Technical Information Office, for sale by the National Technical Information Service in [Washington], Springfield, Va .
Written in

    Subjects:
  • Space flight -- Physiological effect -- Congresses,
  • Monkeys -- Physiology -- Congresses,
  • Chimpanzees -- Physiology -- Congresses,
  • Life support systems (Space environment) -- Congresses

  • Edition Notes

    Includes bibliographical references.

    StatementRichard C. Simmonds, editor and Geoffrey H. Bourne, editor.
    SeriesNASA conference publication ; 005, NASA conference publication ;, 005.
    ContributionsSimmonds, Richard C., Bourne, Geoffrey H. 1909-
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsRC1150 .U83
    The Physical Object
    Paginationiv, 399 p. :
    Number of Pages399
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL4692807M
    LC Control Number77604552

    Syntax; Advanced Search; New. All new items; Books; Journal articles; Manuscripts; Topics. All Categories; Metaphysics and Epistemology. Roach also points out that some astronauts (namely, John Glenn) were angry at NASA for sending nonhuman primates up first. Thinking chimps didn’t serve a purpose, Glenn thought Ham unjustly stole the spotlight. He wanted nothing to do with the primates. Au contraire, Mr. Glenn.


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The Use of nonhuman primates in space Download PDF EPUB FB2

Occupational Health and Safety in the Care and Use of Nonhuman Primates is intended as a reference for vivarium managers, veterinarians, researchers, safety professionals, and others who are involved in developing or implementing an OHSP that deals with nonhuman primates.

The book lists the important features of an OHSP and provides the tools. Use of nonhuman primates in space. [Washington]: National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Scientific and Technical Information Office ; Springfield, Va.: For sale by the National Technical Information Service, (OCoLC) Material Type: Conference publication, Government publication, National government publication: Document.

A primate (/ ˈ p r aɪ m eɪ t / PRY-mayt) (from Latin primat- from primus: "prime, first rank") is a eutherian mammal constituting the taxonomic order es arose 85–55 million years ago first from small terrestrial mammals, which adapted to living in the trees of tropical forests: many primate characteristics represent adaptations to life in this challenging environment Class: Mammalia.

(4) Individually housed nonhuman primates that are unable to see and hear nonhuman primates of their own or compatible species; and ((c)(4)). (5) Great apes weighing over lbs. Facilities must include in the environment enhancement plan special provisions for great The Use of nonhuman primates in space book weighing over lbs, including additional opportunities to express.

A PDF is a digital representation of the print book, so while it can be loaded into most e-reader programs, it doesn't allow for resizable text or advanced, interactive functionality.

The eBook is optimized for e-reader devices and apps, which means that it offers a much better digital reading experience than a PDF, including resizable text and.

Some nonhuman primates use body posture to indicate receptivity. Females of many other species simply move in front of a male and present their rumps as a solicitation for mating.

Around the time of ovulation, the rump of a female primate may change color, produce a fluid-filled swelling, or emit odors, any of which signal males in the vicinity. The. National Academy of Sciences is a private, nonprofit, self-perpetuating society of distinguished scholars engaged in scientific and engineering research, dedicated to the furtherance of science and technology and to their use for the general welfare.

Chimpanzee. Chimpanzees are the only nonhuman primates that can be reproducibly infected with both HIV-1 and HIV-2, although experimental infection of pig-tailed macaques (M.

nemestrina) with HIV-1 has been reported (Agy et al., ). From: Nonhuman Primates in Biomedical Research (Second Edition), Related terms: Simian Immunodeficiency. a New World monkey, because many of these species have a tail with grasping abilities similar to those observed in nonhuman primate hands and feet.

While observing primates at the zoo, you notice that the particular monkey you are watching uses its hands, feet, and. Full text of "NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS) The use of nonhuman primates in space" See other formats. While nonhuman primates don't have obvious cultural traditions the same way humans do, such as variation in their clothing or adding The Use of nonhuman primates in space book spice to their food, primatologists have nonetheless Author: Eric Michael Johnson.

The goal will not be reached all at once, however, and phasing out invasive research on all nonhuman primates should be the priority. Approximat nonhuman primates are used for research in the United States each year, according to the U.S.

Department of Agriculture, and anot are held or bred for research. Refinement of the use of non-human primates in scientific research. Part II: Housing, husbandry and acquisition Article (PDF Available) in Animal welfare (South Mimms, England) 15(3) Abstract. Cage space requirements for non-human primates in the United States of America are less than those in European countries.

Studies in support of the assumption that the US legal minimum cage size provides adequate space have limited value because they. First, primates have excellent have forward-facing eyes that sit close together, which allows the eyes’ fields of view to overlap and create stereoscopic, or 3-D, : Erin Wayman.

Acquisition of innovative cultural behaviors in nonhuman primates: A case study of stone handling, a socially transmitted behavior in Japanese macaques.

In Social learning in animals: The roots of culture, edited by B. Galef, Jr., and C. Heyes, pp. Position Statement 2a) Nonhuman Primate Housing.

Like all social animals, nonhuman primates should be socially housed. (See U.S. Government Principles for the Utilization and Care of Vertebrate Animals Used in Testing, Research, and Training Principle VII and 9 CFR Ch.

1, Part 3, Subpart D.) Staff performing the socialization should be trained. The 2e of the gold standard text in the field, Nonhuman Primates in Biomedical Research provides a comprehensive, up-to-date review of the use of nonhuman primates in biomedical research.

The Diseases volume provides thorough reviews of naturally occurring diseases of nonhuman primates, with a section on biomedical models reviewing contemporary nonhuman primate models of human. Nonhuman primate models provide an important bridge from nonprimate model systems because of the complexity of nonhuman primates’ biobehavioral capacities and their commonalities with human emotion.

The broad goal of this review is to provide an overview of various procedures available to study anxiety in the nonhuman primate, with a focus on Cited by: In this sense, research of primate language and primate tool use offer similar insight into our early ancestors.

Many people believe that language is a unique capacity of humans. Doubters of the ability of primates to use language include renowned M.I.T. linguist Noam. The Body Group Papers on The Use of Non Human Primates in Research in Research and Testing () is an example of one of the current discussions concerning primates and research ethics.

InDeborah Blum’s The Monkey Wars (Oxford University Press) was published and became a popular trade book. The author, a well-known science writer, had. In a book brilliantly entitled Primates and Philosophers, Frans de Waal, Primates and Philosophers: How Morality Evolved, ed.

by Stephen Macedo & Josiah Ober (Princeton: Princeton University Press, ).Further references are in the text. Frans de Waal illustrates and submits to various authors the view on the evolution of morality he has developed after years of study of nonhuman primates.

ANESTHESIA AND ANALGESIA IN NONHUMAN PRIMATES TABLE III (continued) SUMMARY OF DRUGS AND DOSAGES FOR NONHUMAN PRIMATES Species and drugs Dosage Duration Reference Other injectable anesthetics Alphaxolone- mg/kg IM bolus alphadolone (Saffan) 18 mg/kg IM followed by Box and Ellis () mg/kg IV Propofol mg/kg IV bolus Cited by: Experimental studies and naturalistic observations on the use of tools by nonhuman primates brought important insights on the evolution of primate cognition and challenged the notion of the unique.

This volume brings together contributions on the theme of tools from international specialists in various disciplines — anatomists, neurobiologists, prehistorians, ethnologists, and primatologists — at a symposium arranged by the Fyssen Foundation. Tools, whether of stone, wood, or metal, are a prolongation of the arm, but they acquire precision through the hand directed by the brain.

IACUC Review of Nonhuman Primate Research review the use of nonhuman primates (NHPs) in research. As large, intelligent, social, long-lived, and non-domesticated animals, monkeys are amongst the most challenging species used in biomedical research and the duties of the IACUC in relation to reviewing research use of these species can also be Cited by: Klegarth AR, et al.

Survey of Treponemal Infections in Free-Ranging and Captive Macaques, Emerg Infect Dis. May;23(5) doi: /eid Why use monkeys for biomedical research. A report released by nine science advocacy groups on Aug.

24,highlights the essential role nonhuman primates play in finding treatments for serious and life-altering conditions such as Alzheimer’s disease, cancer, Zika virus, HIV/AIDS and Parkinson’s disease.

Nonhuman primates (NHPs) may be a key translational model to help address many of these issues. NHPs occupy a unique niche in biomedical research due to their phylogenetic proximity to humans, and because the physiological processes and phenotypic outcomes associated with human disorders are often closely mirrored in monkey : Jane A.

Burton, Michelle D. Valero, Troy A. Hackett, Ramnarayan Ramachandran. Get this from a library. The Use of tools by human and non-human primates.

[A Berthelet; Jean Chavaillon;] -- Compares the results, and considers the fabrication and use of tools in the course of human evolution, and analyzes the movements dictated to the brain.

Tools of wood, stone and metal have often been. A primate is any member of the biological order Primates, the group that contains all the species commonly related to the lemurs, monkeys, and apes, with the latter category including humans.

A recurrent question that must emerge in any book looking at thought in nonhuman primates is why it is that chimpanzees seem to be such proficient tool users in the wild, while monkeys and other apes seem not to do so, or to do so only sporadically.

A cogent analytic comparison of tool use in capuchin monkeys and apes is presented by Visalberghi. A scientist holds a baby marmoset, an increasingly in-demand animal in biomedical research.

Sam Ogden/Science Source By David GrimmFeb. 20,PM More than 3 years after it hosted a workshop on the science and ethics of biomedical studies on monkeys, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) this week convened another workshop on [ ]. This method compares humans with what we know about all primates in general.

Up until the 60's, we didn't know anything about nonhuman primate social organization. Levi Strauss said in "The social life of monkeys does not lend itself to the formulation of any norm. This will be the first time a volume will be compiled focusing on South American monkeys as models to address and test critical issues in the study of nonhuman primates.

In addition, the volume will serve an important compliment to the book on Mesoamerican primates recently published in the series under the DIPR book series. The book will be of interest to a broad range of scientists in.

What Gestures of Nonhuman Primates Can (and Cannot) Tell Us about Language Evolution. Abstract: There is a variety of different evolutionary scenarios hypothesizing how human language might have evolved.

While some suggest that language evolved from scratch in humans only, others propose that precursors to human language were already present in. This book is intended to be a primer because it is, indeed, an introduction to the subject of environmental enrichment for primates housed in a diversity of conditions.

A list of references and/or other resources (principally on-line) is provided at the end of each chap-ter that provide additional guidance. The use of scientific references has beenFile Size: 1MB. Description: A searchable database of enrichment and refinement citations for all laboratory animals, including nonhuman primates.

Environmental Enrichment and Refinement for Nonhuman Primates Kept in Research Laboratories: A Photographic Documentation and Literature Review.

Reinhardt, V. Scientists in certain fields have favored using nonhuman primates in experiments because they closely resemble humans in physiology. The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), for example, sent several nonhuman primates into space before.

We have much in common with other primates such as functionally similar neurological processes, the necessity of close bonding, and the development stages of offspring (Chpt 7, pg ) However, we have many key differences such as the ability to use a complex, symbolic language, larger brain size leading to greater intelligence, and the.

Differences in tool use across populations of chimpanzees throughout Africa illustrate cultural traditions (Gruber et al., ). One key mechanism for social learning is imitation.

Imitation in the use of objects has only been described in primates, ranging from humans and chimpanzees (Whiten, ) to common marmosets (Yamazaki et al., Cited by: nonhuman primates (NHP) were held for use in experiments or used in experiments in in the United States across all four main sectors (private, public, higher education, non-profits).

The species are used primarily in experiments.The USE of Non-Human Primates in Research. Gender comparative studies relating to common human diseases Fetal development and common disease in adult life.